Frühburgunder / Pinot Noir Prėcoce
This is a grape variety which has only been cultivated in Luxembourg in recent years. The vine is the result of natural mutation. Generally, the grapes ripen two weeks before the Spätburgunder. They are ideally suited for the production of high-quality red wines. The vineyards located in Luxembourg are still very young so it will take another few years until this grape variety can reach its full potential. It is especially the determined efforts and painstaking work in the cellar which make it possible to produce wines with a sophisticated bouquet interlaced with wild berries, which are a delight on the palate.
Weissburgunder / Pinot Blanc
This essentially classic Luxembourg grape variety has been experiencing a revival since the 1970s. Popular since the 14th century, it is still highly valued by the independent winegrowers. They use this grape to produce top-quality wines, which are an ideal accompaniment to food. However, it also makes an excellent base wine for the crémant. This grape variety imposes great demands on the creativity of the winegrower. From these grapes it is possible to bring wines to life which perfectly reflect the terroir of the Moselle in Luxembourg.
Gewürztraminer has always appeared in a mixed grape blend at some point or another in the history of winegrowing in Luxembourg. Several winegrowers have now rediscovered this grape variety, even though there are only small parcels of land cultivated with this type of vine. It is above all the specialities produced from this grape in the last few years by a number of highly committed wineries which have become extremely popular. The many different highly intense fruit aromas distinguished mostly by the scent of roses, nutmeg and cinnamon, indulge the palate and excite the taste buds.
There is surely no other grape variety in Luxembourg which has gained so much in importance over the last decades. It is no longer possible to imagine winegrowing in Luxembourg without this mutation of the Spätburgunder. An ideal accompaniment to food, this elegant wine also comes into its own as a crémant base wine. The grape variety allows wine producers who are skilled in selecting the right substratum and right clone to tease out the highest qualities. Production of a first-class Pinot Gris is heavily dependent on excellent plant material. In recent years, the independent winegrowers of Luxembourg have shown the extent to which outstanding wines can be fermented from this traditional grape variety.
This is the most valued red wine grape variety in the entire Moselle region. The calcareous soils there are perfectly suited to the production of first-class Pinot Noir.
In a good year, with very little harvest and a lot of work in the vineyards, it is possible to produce high-quality Pinot Noir wines in Luxembourg. In combination with an optimal time for the aging process in barrique barrels, a number of independent winegrowers now produce wines which are already creating an international stir.
The grape variety has been called Rivaner in Luxembourg for as long as anybody can remember. Better known as Müller-Thurgau in Germany and Austria, where it was tarnished by a negative image, the name Rivaner has been adopted worldwide by all winegrowing nations. A top winegrower in Austria visiting friends from university in Luxembourg came across the name Rivaner there and subsequently had the name patented. Austrian Rivaner sold with great success and, as a consequence, at the end of the 1990s the name Rivaner was licensed in all the EU winegrowing nations as a synonym.
This grape variety is especially suited to the production of great summer and cuvée wines. In order to ensure good value for money, the independent winegrowers of Luxembourg offer their customers wonderful fruity wines, which are ideal as a light wine to be drunk for the simple pleasure of it.
Luxembourg is one of the most important winegrowing nations for this grape variety.
The vine belongs to the Burgundy group and is a natural cross between Pinot and Gouais Blanc.
Auxerrois wines from Luxembourg are often the perfect accompaniment to food. For example, there is no better grape variety to accompany crayfish.
The independent winegrowers cherish this grape variety and are campaigning to retain the old parcels of land where this grape variety is cultivated. The top qualities sometimes yielded from this grape variety can be quite amazing.
Elbling is the oldest grape variety known to have been cultivated in Europe. The grand old houses of the winegrowers on the Luxembourg side of the Moselle are proof of the prosperity which this grape variety once brought to the area. Unfortunately, it was overcultivated to create a high-performance vine for simple wines served by the glass. Even today, the independent winegrowers produce Elbling wines which are sold in the main in litre bottles. Some winegrowers are in possession of very old Elbling vineyards. In Luxembourg, this wine is often marketed under the synonym Raifrench. It is especially the old vines, rich in genetic resources, which yield wines of a unique nature and which have nothing to do with a conventional Elbling. A number of the young independent winegrowers of Luxembourg are taking an active stand to retain the old Elbling clone. Perhaps this grape variety will experience a revival in the form of a top wine.
Originating from Asia Minor, the vine bears one of the oldest grape varieties in the world. Grave findings in the tombs built for the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt bear witness to the cultivation of these grapes. It is a speciality matured by many a winegrower to produce light wines which are easy to drink. Most of the independent winegrowers mature this wine in such a way that the beguiling bouquet fills the nose.
Chardonnay is a sister of the Auxerrois vine. In the same way as Auxerrois, it is a cross between Pinot und Gouais Blanc.
This was discovered in 1998 as a result of a DNA analysis. The limestone rock prevalent in Luxembourg, which is often found in the subsoil, is the basis on which world-class wines can be produced in Luxembourg. This grape is also perfectly suited to aging in barrique barrels.
This grape variety generally belongs to the cuvée in the production of first-class crémant. Excellent cuvée wines can also be produced in combination with
This grape variety was licensed a few years ago at the request of the independent winegrowers in the Moselle region. It is a highly aromatic, dark-coloured grape variety of the Burgundy family, which originally came from France, probably from Alsace.
This still very young grape variety has established itself very quickly in the Moselle region, even the youngest of vines showing the potential of the grape variety.
The next few years will show the course of development this red wine will take in Luxembourg. The grapes are also ideal for red wine cuvées.
Silvaner is probably the most forgotten grape variety in Luxembourg. A good fermentation process will yield good to very good Silvaner wines. The Keuper strata found on the Luxembourg side of the Moselle region are ideal for this vine.
A small number of independent winegrowers cultivate this grape variety, which originates from Transylvania. They aim is to produce even better wines from this vine in the future.
This grape variety is particularly versatile as accompaniment to food.
Riesling is often described as the king of the white grape varieties.
The Moselle valley between Metz and Coblenz is the largest stretch of wine-producing land for this unique vine in the world.
Riesling grows particularly well in a cool, moderate climate, such as that on the Luxembourg side of the Moselle.
A lot of hard work and creativity make it possible for the independent winegrowers to produce wines of a quality unsurpassed in the whole world. The south-facing areas characterized by limestone, where a very good microclimate prevails, often give the gently matured wines a delicate, fine and elegant fruitiness, enveloped by a radiating minerality.